Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) Therapy
This uses a machine to help maintain the airway open while asleep. There are different types of devices including CPAP, Bilevel, AVAP, and Servo Ventilator.
A device worn in the mouth while sleeping that helps pull the lower jaw forward off the back of the airway. These devices have to be made by a dentist. Oral appliances are more successful in mild to moderate OSA.
There are surgical options that focus on increasing the size of the airway. Surgery is less effective than PAP therapy.
This therapy works to train patients to sleep on their sides. This is most beneficial in mild OSA.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBTI)
Therapy to help patients change unhelpful thoughts and behaviors that interfere with sleep.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved certain medications for the treatment of insomnia called hypnotic medications or sleep medications.
Bright Light Therapy
A light therapy used to manage circadian rhythm disorders such as delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS), by gradually enabling a shift to normal societal sleeping patterns. Good sleep hygiene is also used in conjunction with this therapy.
Usually uses a combination of medications, behavioral, and iron replacement to treat RLS.
A combination of behavioral changes (primarily scheduling nocturnal sleep and naps) and medications are needed to treat Narcolepsy and Idiopathic Hypersomnolence.
Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS)
There is no specific, definitive treatment to cure or control KLS. Some aspects of the disease can be managed.
Treatment is based on the symptoms displayed and on a careful analysis of their most probable cause(s).